How to perform hands-only CPR

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A cardiac arrest occurs when the heart promptly stops pumping blood around the body because of an issue with an electrical flag in your heart. During heart failure, the mind is famished for oxygen, making the individual breakdown and uneasy. Studies have demonstrated that over 85% of individuals who experience heart failure lapse before reaching hospital or medical care facility and this can be averted if effective CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is provided by a bystander in the first few minutes of cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR is an indispensable medicinal procedure which ought to be given to any individual who is experiencing a cardiac arrest. CPR is also practical in many cases, including heart attack or near-drowning.


Importance of CPR

Cardiac arrest is a serious medical condition that can lead to the ending of life within minutes unless treatment is started.

•  CPR can be a lifesaver.

•  CPR prevents brain death

•  CPR makes you confident during medical emergencies

•  CPR prevents worsening of any situation

•  CPR training makes you more valuable to the community


Types of CPR

1. High-Frequency Chest Compressions

This strategy includes impersonating hear beats by giving more chest compressions at interims of time in high recurrence. This is a basic system to help revive one from cardiac arrest.

2. Open-Chest CPR

Open chest CPR is a method where the heart is recovered through thoracotomy. Compressions are executed utilizing the impact point of the hand and opened out fingers against the sternum. This methodology manages bloodstream and coronary perfusion pressure.

3. Interposed Abdominal Compression CPR

Interposed Abdominal Compression is a 3-rescuer technique. This includes the chest and abdominal compressor and the protector providing ventilations. This method incorporates sternum compressions merged with simultaneous abdominal push. This technique is important to better coronary perfusion pressure.

How to perform hands-only CPR

•  Place the person on his back on a hard surface. Check if the individual is responding by shaking and conveying to the individual.

•  See if they are breathing.

•  If you see no actions then start with chest compressions.

•  Kneel on the side of the person in front of their chest.

•  Put your hand on the person’s sternum.

•  Interlock both your hands on the sternum.

•  Your elbows should be straight and shoulders over the sternum. Compress the chest up to 5 cm.

•  Take a breath but don’t move your hands.

•  Allow the chest to return to the normal position before starting with the compressions again.

•  Continue to push hard and fast, until medical help is available and/or electric shock machine is accessible.

•  Stop just if the patient begins reacting or inhales regularly.

•  Make sure to push hard (pack 5 cm with each downstroke) and push quick (100 every moment) at the focal point of the chest.


In India, only 2 out of 100 people know how to give CPR in an emergency, while the passing rate because of heart failure is over 10%. Learning CPR isn't just going to enable one to loan some assistance during such cases, but also help save a life.

Understand, every minute counts.


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Written by -

Shivani Sharma